India has a rich heritage protected by over a billion people sharing a diverse culture. India is expected to overtake China by 2024 in terms of population. It is high time that India should start working to improve its economy. The population of India will be on top for the entire 21st century if the current trends continue. Over the years after independence in 1947, India has experienced growth 4x times, reaching 1.34 billion today. The population of India is increasing at the rate of 15 million per year and is the highest growth rate in the world. China has a population of over 1.41 billion, followed by Nigeria and the US.
The current fertility rate of India is 2.3 births per woman and has remained constant for the past two decades. At this rate, the population of India is expected to grow up to 1.8 billion by 2050. Despite the attempts to reduce the fertility rate to 2.1, the expected population growth is expected to reach 1.9 billion by the end of the century. In any case, there is no stopping for India to become the most populous nation in the world.
The current UN medium projection says that Indian fertility will decline by 1.8 births per woman. As a result, the population of India is expected to reach 1.7 billion by 2060 and decline to 1.5 billion by the end of the 21st century. The lower projection expects fertility to decrease to 1.3 births per woman. As a result, the population will decline to 1.5 billion in 2040 and 900 million by 2100.
As per the past records, the population of India has declined to half of the level of the late 1980s. In the past decade, contraceptives have reduced to 35 percent, and abortion and emergency pill usage have doubled. The authorities have launched several campaigns to reach out to their locals and promote the use of contraception. The Indian government has taken all important steps to modernize contraceptives and offer free-of-charge products to government facilities.
The age structure also plays an important role while predicting the population growth of a country. While the median age of people in India is 27 years, China’s median age is 38 years. Under 18 covers one-third of India’s population compared to one-fifth of China’s. Due to the recent fertility declines, the aging median of India is also increasing.
The technology and development of India are on the rise, redefining the entire work system, education system, and business structure of the country. India stands at number six in the world for publications of AI researches. One-sixth of humanity is in India, which will double up by the end of the 21st century. Even if the fertility rate is decreased in the coming years, India is expected to reach 2 billion by 2100. With the right family planning, the government is working to sustain high economic growth while meeting the aspirations of its people.